What is Googlebot in digital marketing?

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What is Googlebot?
Googlebot, often referred to as a ‘spider’ or a ‘crawler,’ is a software program used by Google to discover new and updated pages to add to Google's searchable index. It uses an algorithmic process to determine which sites to crawl, how often, and how many pages to fetch from each site.
Googlebot processes each web page it crawls to compile a huge index of all the words it sees and their location on each page. It also processes information included in key content tags and attributes, like 'alt' for images.
The core purpose of Googlebot is to collect documents from the web to build a searchable index for the Google search engine. Therefore, its pivotal for businesses to have their sites crawled by Googlebot for search engine visibility.
Googlebot's role in digital marketing
In the context of digital marketing, Googlebot plays an essential role in determining your website’s ranking on search queries. Understanding how Googlebot works can help businesses optimize their site content in a way that makes it easily discoverable and indexable by the bot.
If Googlebot can't access your site's content fully or correctly, it hampers the bot's ability to include your site in its index resulting in lower rankings. Ensuring your website is easily navigable and bot-friendly is crucial to improve its visibility in search results.
Additionally, Googlebot also handles updates and changes to your website. Any changes you make to improve SEO will be detected by this bot, which then updates your site's ranking accordingly, making constant optimization an important task.
Googlebot examples
Suppose, for instance, you own an e-commerce website. Optimizing your site so that Googlebot can crawl every part of your product pages means that these pages may likely appear in relevant search results, driving more traffic.
Another example is blogs or news sites. Googlebot prefers fresh content and often visits such sites. Regular content updates will make sure Googlebot continuously crawls the site enhancing its visibility in search results.
Lastly, in instances of a site redesign or url structure changes, Googlebot plays a key role. It crawls the new urls and updates its index, making the revamped site searchable and accessible to users.